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Publication : Gcm protein degradation suppresses proliferation of glial progenitors.

First Author  Ho Margaret Su-chun Year  2009
Journal  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. Volume  106
Pages  6778-83 PubMed ID  19346490
Abstract Text  Gliogenesis in animal development is spatiotemporally regulated so that correct numbers of glia are present to support various neuronal functions. During Drosophila embryonic development, the glial regulatory gene, glial cell missing/glial cell deficient (gcm/glide), promotes glial cell fate and differentiation. Here we describe the ubiquitin-proteasome regulation of the Gcm protein and the consequence in gliogenesis without timely degradation of Gcm. Gcm binds to 2 F-box proteins, Supernumerary limbs (Slimb) and Archipelago (Ago), adaptors of SCF E3 ubiquitin ligases. Ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of Gcm depend on slimb and ago. In slimb and ago double mutants, Gcm protein levels are enhanced. Concomitantly, glial cell numbers increase owing to proliferation, which can be phenocopied by Gcm overexpression only at the onset of glial differentiation. The glial lineage 5-6A in slimb ago mutants displays excess glial progenies and enhanced Gcm protein levels. We propose that downregulation of Gcm protein levels by Slimb and Ago is required for glial progenitors to exit the cell cycle for differentiation. Doi  10.1073/pnas.0808899106
Issue  16 Month  Apr

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