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Publication : Heterotrimeric G proteins regulate a noncanonical function of septate junction proteins to maintain cardiac integrity in Drosophila.

First Author  Yi Peng Year  2008
Journal  Dev. Cell Volume  15
Pages  704-13 PubMed ID  19000835
Abstract Text  The gene networks regulating heart morphology and cardiac integrity are largely unknown. We previously reported a role for the heterotrimeric G protein gamma subunit 1 (Ggamma1) in mediating cardial-pericardial cell adhesion in Drosophila. Here we show G-oalpha47A and Gbeta13F cooperate with Ggamma1 to maintain cardiac integrity. Cardial-pericardial cell adhesion also relies on the septate junction (SJ) proteins Neurexin-IV (Nrx-IV), Sinuous, Coracle, and Nervana2, which together function in a common pathway with Ggamma1. Furthermore, Ggamma1 signaling is required for proper SJ protein localization, and loss of at least one SJ protein, Nrx-IV, induces cardiac lumen collapse. These results are surprising because the embryonic heart lacks SJs and suggest that SJ proteins perform noncanonical functions to maintain cardiac integrity in Drosophila. Our findings unveil the components of a previously unrecognized network of genes that couple G protein signaling with structural constituents of the heart. Doi  10.1016/j.devcel.2008.10.001
Issue  5 Month  Nov

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