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Publication : A Wake-Promoting Circadian Output Circuit in Drosophila.

First Author  Lamaze Angélique Year  2018
Journal  Curr. Biol. Volume  28
Pages  3098-3105.e3 PubMed ID  30270186
Abstract Text  Circadian clocks play conserved roles in gating sleep and wake states throughout the day-night cycle [1-5]. In the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, DN1p clock neurons have been reported to play both wake- and sleep-promoting roles [6-11], suggesting a complex coupling of DN1p neurons to downstream sleep and arousal centers. However, the circuit logic by which DN1p neurons modulate sleep remains poorly understood. Here, we show that DN1p neurons can be divided into two morphologically distinct subsets. Projections from one subset surround the pars intercerebralis, a previously defined circadian output region [12]. In contrast, the second subset also sends presynaptic termini to a visual processing center, the anterior optic tubercle (AOTU) [13]. Within the AOTU, we find that DN1p neurons inhibit a class of tubercular-bulbar (TuBu) neurons that act to promote consolidated sleep. These TuBu neurons in turn form synaptic connections with R neurons of the ellipsoid body, a region linked to visual feature detection, locomotion, spatial memory, and sleep homeostasis [14-17]. Our results define a second output arm from DN1p neurons and suggest a role for TuBu neurons as regulators of sleep drive. Doi  10.1016/j.cub.2018.07.024
Issue  19 Month  10

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