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Publication : Genetic characterization of cytological region 77A-D harboring the presenilin gene of Drosophila melanogaster.

First Author  Lukinova N I Year  1999
Journal  Genetics Volume  153
Pages  1789-97 PubMed ID  10581285
Abstract Text  We performed a systematic lethal mutagenesis of the genomic region uncovered by Df(3L)rdgC-co2 (cytological interval 77A-D) to isolate mutations in the single known Presenilin (Psn) gene of Drosophila melanogaster. Because this segment of chromosome III has not been systematically characterized before, inter se complementation testing of newly recovered mutants was carried out. A total of 79 lethal mutations were isolated, representing at least 17 lethal complementation groups, including one corresponding to the Psn gene. Fine structure mapping of the genomic region surrounding the Psn transcription unit by transgenic rescue experiments allowed us to localize two of the essential loci together with Psn within an approximately 12-kb genomic DNA region. One of these loci, located 3' to Psn, encodes a Drosophila protein related to the yeast 60S ribosomal protein L10 precursor. We also determined which of the newly recovered lethal mutant groups correspond to previously isolated lethal P-element insertions, lethal inversion breakpoints, and lethal polo gene mutants. Point mutations were identified in all five recovered Psn alleles, one of which results in a single amino acid substitution G-E at a conserved residue in the C-terminal cytoplasmic tail of the protein, suggesting an important functional role for this C-terminal domain of Presenilin. In addition, some viable mutations were recovered in the screen, including new alleles of the clipped and inturned loci. Issue  4
Month  Dec

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