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Publication : Integrin-mediated adhesion maintains sarcomeric integrity.

First Author  Perkins Alexander D Year  2010
Journal  Dev. Biol. Volume  338
Pages  15-27 PubMed ID  19879257
Abstract Text  Integrin-mediated adhesion to the ECM is essential for normal development of animal tissues. During muscle development, integrins provide the structural stability required to construct such a highly tensile, force generating tissue. Mutations that disrupt integrin-mediated adhesion in skeletal muscles give rise to a myopathy in humans and mice. To determine if this is due to defects in formation or defects in maintenance of muscle tissue, we used an inducible, targeted RNAi based approach to disrupt integrin-mediated adhesion in fully formed adult fly muscles. A decrease in integrin-mediated adhesion in adult muscles led to a progressive loss of muscle function due to a failure to maintain normal sarcomeric cytoarchitecture. This defect was due to a gradual, age dependent disorganization of the sarcomeric actin, Z-line, and M-line. Electron microscopic analysis showed that reduction in integrin-mediated adhesion resulted in detachment of actin filaments from the Z-lines, separation of the Z-lines from the membrane, and eventually to disintegration of the Z-lines. Our results show that integrin-mediated adhesion is essential for maintaining sarcomeric integrity and illustrate that the seemingly stable adhesive contacts underlying sarcomeric architecture are inherently dynamic. Doi  10.1016/j.ydbio.2009.10.034
Issue  1 Month  Feb

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