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Publication : Signaling networks converge on TORC1-SREBP activity to promote endoplasmic reticulum homeostasis.

First Author  Sanchez-Alvarez Miguel Year  2014
Journal  PLoS ONE Volume  9
Pages  e101164 PubMed ID  25007267
Abstract Text  The function and capacity of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is determined by multiple processes ranging from the local regulation of peptide translation, translocation, and folding, to global changes in lipid composition. ER homeostasis thus requires complex interactions amongst numerous cellular components. However, describing the networks that maintain ER function during changes in cell behavior and environmental fluctuations has, to date, proven difficult. Here we perform a systems-level analysis of ER homeostasis, and find that although signaling networks that regulate ER function have a largely modular architecture, the TORC1-SREBP signaling axis is a central node that integrates signals emanating from different sub-networks. TORC1-SREBP promotes ER homeostasis by regulating phospholipid biosynthesis and driving changes in ER morphology. In particular, our network model shows TORC1-SREBP serves to integrate signals promoting growth and G1-S progression in order to maintain ER function during cell proliferation. Doi  10.1371/journal.pone.0101164
Issue  7

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