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Publication : Drosophila ACT88F indirect flight muscle-specific actin is not N-terminally acetylated: a mutation in N-terminal processing affects actin function.

First Author  Schmitz S Year  2000
Journal  J. Mol. Biol. Volume  295
Pages  1201-10 PubMed ID  10653697
Abstract Text  Many eukaryotic proteins are co and post-translationally modified at their N termini by removal of one or two amino acid residues and N(alpha)-acetylation. Actins show two different forms of N-terminal processing dependent on their N-terminal sequence. In class II actins, which include muscle actins, the common primary sequence of Met-Cys-Asp-actin is processed to acetyl-Asp-actin. The functional significance of this in vivo is unknown. We have studied the indirect flight muscle-specific actin, ACT88F, of Drosophila melanogaster. Our results show that ACT88F is N-terminally processed in vivo as a class II actin by removal of the first two amino acid residues (Met and Cys), but that uniquely the N terminus is not acetylated. In addition we show that ACT88F is methylated, probably at His73. Flies carrying the mod(-) mutation fail to complete post-translational processing of ACT88F. We propose that the mod gene product is normally responsible for removing N-acetyl-cysteine from actin. The biological significance of this process is demonstrated by observations that retention of the N-acetyl-cysteine in ACT88F affects the flight muscle function of mod(-) flies. This suggests that the extreme N terminus affects actomyosin interactions in vivo, a proposal we have examined by in vitro motility assays of ACT88F F-actin from mod(-) flies. The mod(-) actin only moves in the presence of methylcellulose, a viscosity-enhancing agent, where it moves at velocities slightly, but significantly, reduced compared to wild-type. These data confirm that N-acetyl-cysteine at the N terminus affects actomyosin interactions, probably by reducing formation of the initial actomyosin collision complex, a process known to involve the actin N terminus. Doi  10.1006/jmbi.1999.3407
Issue  5 Month  Feb

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