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Publication : A kinesin switch I arginine to lysine mutation rescues microtubule function.

First Author  Klumpp Lisa M Year  2003
Journal  J. Biol. Chem. Volume  278
Pages  39059-67 PubMed ID  12860992
Abstract Text  Switch I and II are key active site structural elements of kinesins, myosins, and G-proteins. Our analysis of a switch I mutant (R210A) in Drosophila melanogaster kinesin showed a reduction in microtubule affinity, a loss in cooperativity between the motor domains, and an ATP hydrolysis defect leading to aberrant detachment from the microtubule. To investigate the conserved arginine in switch I further, a lysine substitution mutant was generated. The R210K dimeric motor has lost the ability to hydrolyze ATP; however, it has rescued microtubule function. Our results show that R210K has restored microtubule association kinetics, microtubule affinity, ADP release kinetics, and motor domain cooperativity. Moreover, the active site at head 1 is able to distinguish ATP, ADP, and AMP-PNP to signal head 2 to bind the microtubule and release mantADP with kinetics comparable with wild-type. Therefore, the structural pathway of communication from head 1 to head 2 is restored, and head 2 can respond to this signal by binding the microtubule and releasing mantADP. Structural modeling revealed that lysine could retain some of the hydrogen bonds made by arginine but not all, suggesting a structural hypothesis for the ability of lysine to rescue microtubule function in the Arg210 mutant. Doi  10.1074/jbc.M304250200
Issue  40 Month  Oct

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