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Publication : Evolution of proteasomal ATPases.

First Author  Wollenberg K Year  2001
Journal  Mol. Biol. Evol. Volume  18
Pages  962-74 PubMed ID  11371584
Abstract Text  In eukaryotic cells, the majority of proteins are degraded via the ATP-dependent ubiquitin/26S proteasome pathway. The proteasome is the proteolytic component of the pathway. It is a very large complex with a mass of around 2.5 MDa, consisting of at least 62 proteins encoded by 31 genes. The eukaryotic proteasome has evolved from a simpler archaebacterial form, similar in structure but containing only three different peptides. One of these peptides is an ATPase belonging to the AAA (Triple-A) family of ATPASES: Gene duplication and diversification has resulted in six paralogous ATPases being present in the eukaryotic proteasome. While sequence analysis studies clearly show that the six eukaryotic proteasomal ATPases have evolved from the single archaebacterial proteasomal ATPase, the deep node structures of the phylogenetic constructions lack resolution. Incorporating physical data to provide support for alternative phylogenetic hypotheses, we have constructed a model of a possible evolutionary history of the proteasomal ATPASES: Doi  10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a003897
Issue  6 Month  Jun

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